It is not complete nor very detailled, but provides the basic commands for troubleshooting network related issues that are not resolvable via the GUI. I am not focused on too many memory, process, kernel, etc. These must only be used if there are really specific problems. I am more focused on the general troubleshooting stuff. With Fortinet you have the choice confusion between show get diagnose execute. Not that easy to remember. Likewise the sys system keyword.
Be careful with it, because this command is persistent. Set it to default after usage! Now with the -f option. In order to copy the configuration via SCP from a backup server you must first enable the SCP protocol for the admin:. Even better, you should enable the following feature which saves a backup of your configuration after each logout automatically:.
Use the first three to enable debugging and start the process, while the last one disables the debugging again:. Which is basically ping and traceroute. Unluckily it is shitty difficult to use those commands since you need a couple of subcommands to source pings from a different interface, and so on. Manually test a failover by decreasing the priority of the current master since highest priority wins :. Start a sync at a secondary device to from?
I would like to decide which config to push to the other device. The first one shows all monitored users with details concerning their LDAP groups :. If you need further debugging messages you can enable it for the Fortigate non-blocking auth daemon and the FSSO daemon:. Sniff packets like tcpdump does. Only if the built-in packet capture feature in the GUI does not meet your requirements. This can be used for investigating connection problems between two hosts.
There are no details of the firewall policy decisions. Use the debug flow next paragraph for analysis about firewall policies, etc. Examples: Thanks to the comment from Ulrich for the IPv6 example. Kudos to Joachim Schwierzeck. If you want to see the FortiGate details about a connectionuse this kind of debug. To reset a certain VPN connection, use this Credit :. To change the IP address of the mgmt interface or any other via the CLI, these commands can be used:.
Just the links here: Resetting a lost Admin password and How to reset a FortiGate with the default factory settings. Nice Job — good summary of most of the commands you need or routinely use. John K. Hi ihsan, I am not aware of a global history of commands.
As far as I know you can only move through your own commands in that current CLI session arrow up key.FortiOS 5. In FortiOS 5. To view these logs, right-click on the Seq. If not, the Policy ID will be used. Attack context logging can now be enabled for an IPS sensor, which will add two new fields, attackcontext and attackcontextidinto an attack log.
Attackcontext entries longer than 1KB is split in multiple log entries, which share the same incidentserialno. Forward traffic from a FortiGate unit that is in one-arm sniffer mode can now be logged on that FortiGate unit.
To log this traffic, the appropriate logging option must be selected for the sniffer interface. The source for reports can now be configured to be either forward traffic, sniffer traffic, or both. The 5. It can now be configured in the CLI using the command config log threat-weight. Disk usage information will now be included in system event logs for FortiGate models that have a hard disk.
A brief event log will now be generated when a crash occurs with brief information about the crash. Object name data will now be pulled from FortiFlow in applicable locations, including the Forward Traffic log and the Top Destinations widget.
Logging and reporting go hand in hand, and can become a valuable tool for information as well as helping to show others the activity that is happening on the network.
This section explains logging and reporting features that are available in FortiOS, and how they can be used to help you manage or troubleshoot issues. This includes how the FortiGate unit records logs, what a log message is, and what the log database is.
Logging records the traffic passing through the FortiGate unit to your network and what action the FortiGate unit took during its scanning process of the traffic. This recorded information is called a log message. After a log message is recorded, it is stored within a log file which is then stored on a log device. A log device is a central storage location for log messages. When the recorded activity needs to be read in a more human way, the FortiGate unit can generate a Report.
What Command On Cli Using for Diagnostice Logs ?
A report gathers all the log information that is needed for the report, and presents it in a graphical format, with customizable design and automatically generated charts. Reports can be used to present a graphical representation of what is going on in the network.
Reports can also be generated on a FortiAnalyzer unit; if you want to generate reports on a FortiAnalyzer, see the FortiAnalyzer Setup and Administration Guide to help you create and generate those reports. The FortiGate unit records log messages in a specific order, storing them on a log device.
The order of how the FortiGate unit records log messages is as follows:. Logs record FortiGate activity, providing detailed information about what is happening on your network. This recorded activity is found in log files, which are stored on a log device.
However, logging FortiGate activity requires configuring certain settings so that the FortiGate unit can record the activity. Log settings provide the information that the FortiGate unit needs so that it knows what activities to record. This topic explains what activity each log file records, as well as additional information about the log file, which will help you determine what FortiGate activity the FortiGate unit should record.
Traffic logs record the traffic that is flowing through your FortiGate unit. Since traffic needs firewall policies to properly flow through the unit, this type of logging is also referred to as firewall policy logging. Traffic log messages are stored in the traffic log file. Traffic logs can be stored any log device, even system memory.
All security profile-related logs are now tracked within the Traffic logs, as of FortiOS 5. Security profile logs are still tracked separately in the Security Log section, which only appears when logs exist. If you have enabled and configured WAN Optimization, you can enable logging of this activity in the CLI using the config wanopt setting command.
These logs contain information about WAN Optimization activity and are found in the traffic log file. When configuring logging of this activity, you must also enable logging within the security policy itself, so that the activity is properly recorded. The Sniffer log records all traffic that passes through a particular interface that has been configured to act as a One-Armed Sniffer, so it can be examined separately from the rest of the Traffic logs.
The traffic log also records interface traffic logging, which is referred to as Other Traffic. Other Traffic is enabled only in the CLI. When enabled, the FortiGate unit records traffic activity on interfaces as well as firewall policies.Fortinet, a leader in network security, offers multiple cybersecurity solutions including FortiGate, its next-generation firewall.
Get the most out of your Fortinet devices using EventLog Analyzer's exhaustive list of predefined reports for FortiGate as well as other Fortinet applications. Your network devices generate huge volumes of syslog data on a daily basis; there's no way you can go through all of it on your own.
EventLog Analyzer sifts through your logs for you, allowing you to keep tabs on the critical events occurring in your network. Quickly run predefined reports for all your Fortinet devices, along with reports for other network device vendors as well.
Associate each report with real-time alerts to instantly detect and mitigate security threats. In addition to having audit reports and real-time alerts, EventLog Analyzer can also securely archive your Fortinet logs.
Use the log search function to backtrack through security incidents for a thorough forensic investigation. With all of these features, you are kept in the loop about your network's real-time activity, giving you full control over your network devices. Critical changes to network device configurations can introduce vulnerabilities into your network.
Keep track of unauthorized logons and admin activity on network devices to make sure your network is secure.
Break free from the GUI dependency – checking Fortigate logs on the cli.
With EventLog Analyzer, you can easily manage your FortiGate firewall accounts, including users and guests that are added or deleted, and track whenever critical policies are added, changed, or deleted. You can also keep track of all remote users accessing your network by monitoring failed and successful VPN logons.
Related video : Identify remote, unauthorized software installations using event correlation. With EventLog Analyzer, access extensive predefined audit reports and associated alert profiles to stay on top of your FortiGate firewall activity.
Use your firewall logs to proactively identify threats and mitigate security attacks in your network. EventLog Analyzer provides further insights into Fortinet devices, so you can identify devices and events that need attention, with the following reports:. System events reports : Manage Fortinet system events such as license expirations, power failures and restorations, systems reboots and shutdowns, command failures, and configuration changes. Severity reports : Analyze Fortinet device logs to get a clear picture of the events happening in your network based on their severity E.
Free Edition What's New? Fortinet device auditing Fortinet, a leader in network security, offers multiple cybersecurity solutions including FortiGate, its next-generation firewall. Audit Fortinet logons, accounts, and policies Critical changes to network device configurations can introduce vulnerabilities into your network.
FortiGate firewall auditing With EventLog Analyzer, access extensive predefined audit reports and associated alert profiles to stay on top of your FortiGate firewall activity. EventLog Analyzer provides further insights into Fortinet devices, so you can identify devices and events that need attention, with the following reports: System events reports : Manage Fortinet system events such as license expirations, power failures and restorations, systems reboots and shutdowns, command failures, and configuration changes.
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Unread PMs. Forum Themes Elegant Mobile. Essentials Only Full Version. Bronze Member. FortiGate 60D no Logging - all show No entries found. I was troubleshooting why our VPN stopped working on a specific subnet figured that out when I noticed I couldn't generate any logs. From what I can tell i have logging setup correctly for logging to memory. I've disabled disk logging completely and restarted the forticlient device.
We use a FortiGate 60D that is running version v5. Let me know if you any more info is needed to assist. Attached Image s. Watching some video's online I noticed that another 60D has memory listed while the one i'm working with doesn't. This is what I see on a video from video. I do not see the check box or Memory listed. I used to have a check box that displayed Disk.Firewall - Fortinet Introduction, Logging and Monitoring
I've since disabled that and verified memory logging was enabled. Dave Hall.
Expert Member. I believe i may have found the issue. Web Filtering was not enabled from the security features. With Web Filter being turned off that would make it so we wouldn't see any traffic logs correct? In an older fortiOS Handbook I read that logging to memory does not support Traffic Logs due to the how fast it would eat up the memory.You will also access logs using the FortiCloud website.
Watch the video. After selecting your device, the FortiCloud Dashboard appears, showing a variety of information about your traffic. Watch the video 1. In the FortiCloud section, select Activate. Either use an existing FortiCloud account or create a new one. Information about your FortiCloud account now appears in the License Information widget.
Scroll down to view the Logging Options. Results Browse the Internet. In the top right corner of the screen, the Log location is shown as FortiCloud. A screen will open in your browser, showing all the devices that are linked with your FortiGate account. Select the appropriate unit. You can also access your FortiCloud account by going to www. Before you can use FortiCloud, you must register your FortiGate. For more information, see Registering your FortiGate and configuring the system settings.
It is recommend to use a common FortiCloud account for all your Fortinet logs. If traffic does not appear in FortiCloud right away, wait minutes and try again. FortiCloudlogging.
As I had not slightest inclination to turn late evening into early morning I did SSH to the machine, run show log and get log commands … and got logging configuration settings on the firewall. But where are the logs? I got lots of lines running on the terminal, only that it was traffic log and I wanted Event log, and moreover it showed only first lines out of and I wanted it all. Step 1 — know what is served.
Not a problem actually cause every time you hit execute log display starting line is increased for the next time by the number of lines shown. To conclude it all I enabled logging in Putty through which I connected to the firewall and run:.
Here: FGT execute log display Hurray!